Home > From the Ether . . ., Sochi 2014, Uncategorized > Sochi Geographically and the Circassian Genocide

Sochi Geographically and the Circassian Genocide

Sochi Train Station

Millions of people arrive in Sochi at this station. It is the primary place of arrival and departure for most travelers to and from Sochi. If you have never been to a Russian train station, this is a good example of the architecture and busy atmosphere. Trains come from all over Russia. Many travelers have journeyed from points in Siberia and northern Russia and have been on the train for days.  (Sochi Magazine, 2014)

“Perfectly Stalinist by design”

The Sochi Railway Station is a three story affair, one of the most recognizable landmarks in the city. An architectual masterpiece to some, the passenger station is maybe the best example of Stalinist design in the city. Dating from the 1950s, the station is hard to miss at the city center.

Sochi connects to Moscow and all points in between via this, and the new station near the airport. Not much of a touristic attraction, the station is worth visiting, if just to people watch.  (Stay.com)

Sochi Vokal – Sochi Central Railway Station  – Sochi’s beautiful Central Railway Station was built in 1916 and is the main railway hub for trains from all over Russia, including the cities of Moscow, St Petersburg, Chelnyabinsk, Krasnador and Novosibirsk. It is also the international train hub for services from Kiev in the Ukraine, Minsk in Belarus and Vilnius in Lithuania. The Railway Station is situated at 56, Gorkogo Street and also provides car hire kiosks, shops and restaurants.

In 2007 the Russian, Black Sea resort of Sochi was chosen as the host city for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games and the 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. The games will be held between the 7th of February and the 23rd of February 2014.

Sochi is situated in Krasnador Krai in Russia’s Southern Federal District.The town covers an area of around 3,505 square kilometers and nestles between the Black Sea Coast and the Caucusus Mountains. Greater Sochi is divided into the four regions of Adler, Khosta, Lazerevskoe and Central Sochi.

Sochi is Russia’s largest seaside, holiday resort located in one of only a handful of the country’s regions that have a sub tropical climate. These mountain peaks situated forty kilometers east of Sochi are home to the world renowned Rosa Khutor Ski Resort and Krasnaya Alpine Ski Village, and it is here where the 2014 Winter Olympic Games and 2014 Winter Paralympic Games will take place. As Sochi lies to the west of this mountain range, the town is considered part of European Russia. (SOURCE)

I find it interesting that this is a “sub-tropical climate”.  Putin apparently went to Guatemala City and spoke French to the IOC members to persuade them of this location as opposed to South Korea.  The central location of the train station, history of the caucasus in general and specifically of this place being the site of the Circassian genocide (1864) where an entire ethnic group was either relocated or exterminated is extremely worrisome for an event during the Olympics (the timing is also right – 150 years post).

Here’s a brief synopsis (SOURCE):

1864- 2014 Circassian Genocide Olympics

In the end of one hundred years of war period, Circassia region of the Caucasus was invaded and colonized by Russian Empire in 1864.  During that period of time the inhabitants of the West Caucasus, more than one million five hundred thousand Circassians (Adige, Abkhaz and Wubikh people), were forced to leave their land in famine after all their villages and fields were burned and destroyed. They were exiled from their land to Ottoman Empire under inhumane conditions.

Sochi region, where the 2014 Winter Olympics will be held, was the center that the parliament of independent and free Circassia was gathering until 1864. After the Russian invasion it was not only the Circassians removed from their land but also all their cultural heritage and even their graves were completely destroyed brutally. Today in the state museums of Sochi there is nothing displayed related to Circassians, the autochthonous people of that land for thousands of years. The real ancient history of Sochi extends to Anatolian Hattis, famous Troy, Meot and Sind Empires is almost forgotten. The Russian written history of Sochi begins in 1830 with the victories bombardment of Russian Tsar Navy landing soldiers to the Socha village which was destroyed and renamed by Russians as Navagiski fortified territory. In the museums of Sochi you can only see the pictures of poor Russian mujicks who were brought from inner Russia then forced to settle to Circassia after the Circassian Exile and also the Cossacks who even appropriating the national clothes of the exiled inhabitants shamelessly.

The grandchildren of the massacred and exiled native people of the 2014 winter Olympics city Sochi and the Krasnodar Kray still live in the countries they were exiled to but their faces turned towards to their homeland. There are millions of Circassians who live in the other side of Black Sea in Turkey, are longing and waiting to repatriate to their motherland.  Now in destroyed Circassian villages, on the lost graves of Circassians, in Circassia, there are true strangers living there. As a result of a hundred years of iron curtain they probably don’t even have any idea about the real owners of those lands. Today Circassia became Russian Riviera where the first and the foremost Mr. Putin having rest, swimming and skiing.

The Russian Federation governments are still completely blind and deaf to develop any empathy or to understand the feelings and the longings of the people of the Caucasus. Moreover the real history is distorted by the Russian state purposely. To conceal the massacre and the exile of the ninety percent of Circassians, the reality of the Circassian legendary resistance to colonial powers for more than one hundred years is obviously ignored. For that purpose producing the factitious history thesis of 450-th years voluntary joining together of Circassia’s to Marx’s so called prison of nations Tsarist Russia is very tragicomic and flippantly far away from the seriousness of a statehood. Today Russian Federation government appropriates funds of millions of rubles for spreading that propaganda to all over the Circassian federal republics (Adigeya, Karachai, Cherkes and Kabardino Balkaria) by official campaigns and imposing anniversary ceremonies instead of using that money to improve the conditions in those underdeveloped republics.

Even more, regardless of the fact that all the criticism and the protest of the Circassian intellectuals and organizations both in the Caucasus and in the Diaspora, hasty preparations for 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics is still pursuing heartily. The geography and the ecological structure of that beautiful and sacred part of our land are destroyed by commands of the inconsiderate Russian politicians in Moscow atrociously.

After Circassian exile in 1864 Sochi was emptied from Circassians and the Kbaada Valley was renamed as Krasnaya Polyana where the heavy construction equipments are excavating the mountains for the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics now.  On the contrary of Russian culture, Circassians are very respectful even to the death bodies of their enemies. Now the skulls and the bones of our honorable ancestors are thrown away all over the place by Russians barbarously. The planned grotesque destroying process of that one of the most beautiful parts’ of the Caucasus is very meaningful for Circassians.

By all means we, the people of Caucasus, we are not surprised from the Russian behaviour. All the process is running by the commands of the new tsar of Russia, Mr. Vladimir Putin who has the blood of the thousands of children of Caucasus on his hands, from Chechenya, Daghestan, Beslan… etc. May Mr. Putin as an inheritor of General Yermalov, General Vorontzov, General Baryatinski, is not able to understand how his smart decisions cause pain for Circassians and confronting them. But the time will manifest. After the glasnost the governors of the Circassian republics in Caucasus were forced by public to take action to built Circassian Exile monuments. Although it has been long years, there are still not any government funds received to finish that project. At that point the supreme government shows the highest effort indeed. Nobody but only them can build such an expensive and meaningful genocide monument to our land other than 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics which must have been the symbol of the friendship and the brotherhood of people. Despite Sochi is the place where the “Drujba Derevo” (the tree of friendship) belongs to, there is no any native people left in that land, there is no any native people is allowed to settle there.

As the Circassians both in Caucasus and the Diaspora announced before by sending lots of protesting letters to Olympics Committee, even the idea of holding Olympics in Sochi on the soil of genocide where the hundreds of thousands of Circassian tears, moans and curse are bleeding, can not be acceptable.

2014 Sochi Winter Olympics will always be remembered only as “2014 Circassian Genocide Olympics”.

Unfortunately 2014 Circassian Genocide Olympics is not only making the Olympics a tool of inane politics but it is also renewing the sorrow of Circassians in exile. Besides it also intensifies the deep and legitimate distrust on Russia for hundreds of years. It causes hate.

As the inheritor of one of the most humanist culture in the world, we, the people of the Caucasus, inspite of the past and the present, we don’t want to have any kind of abhorrence towards other people including the Russians.

Still, we can not be unresponsive to the provocative actions of declining and distorting the thousands of years old real history of our people and our land. As Circassians, as grandchildren of our ancestors we have enough pride and honor to not to bear this denial.

Again, we want to urge all the Russian Federation governments and rightminded intellectuals of Russia. Please stop those provocative actions.


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